17.09.2014
В авторитетном международном журнале: «History of Political Economy” опубликован препринт о работах академика В.М. Полтеровича в 70-х годах

В авторитетном международном журнале: “История политической экономики”( “History of Political Economy” Volume 46, Number 3, Fall 2014)   - главном журнале по вопросам экономической мысли, под заголовком: « General Equilibrium Theory behind the Iron Curtain: The Case of  Victor Polterovich»    опубликован препринт о трудах заместителя директора МШЭ МГУ академика В.М. Полтеровича в 70-х годах.

Препринт подготовлен сотрудниками НИУ ВШЭ: доцентом кафедры экономической методологии и истории департамента теоретической экономики И.А. Болдыревым и ведущим научным сотрудником Института гуманитарных историко-теоретических исследований имени А. В. Полетаева (ИГИТИ) О.И. Кирчик.

Мы от души поздравляем Виктора Мееровича с высокой оценкой его  научных достижений ,  вклада в мировую экономическую науку и желаем ему новых успехов .

Подробнее: см. электронную версию журнала   «History of Political Economy» 

 

General Equilibrium Theory behind the Iron Curtain: The Case of Victor Polterovich

  1. 1.       Ivan Boldyrev and 
  2. 2.       Olessia Kirtchik
  3. Correspondence may be addressed to Olessia I. Kirtchik, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Poletayev Institute for Historical and Theoretical Studies in the Humanities, at okirchik@hse.ru. This study comprises research findings from the project titled “History of the General Equilibrium Theory in 1960-1990s in Western Europe and US, and of the Soviet Mathematical Economics” carried out within the National Research University Higher School of Economics Academic Fund Program in 2012, grant no. 12-05-0021. We are most grateful to Victor Polterovich for interviews and subsequent comments. Help from Oleg Ananyin, Hildegard Dierker, Mohamed El-Hodiri, Werner Hildenbrand, Yakar Kannai, Alexander Karpov, and E. Roy Weintraub was also invaluable. Kevin D. Hoover and two anonymous referees helped greatly in improving the style and some important details of the argument.

Abstract

In this article we address the story of developments in general equilibrium theory in the Soviet Union during the 1970s through the lens of a single biography. The Soviet advances in mathematical economics give an occasion to reflect on the extension of the Walrasian paradigm to nonmarket societies, as well as on the ideological effects of general equilibrium theory and its interpretations in a Soviet context. Our contribution is focused on the development of general equilibrium theorizing in the work of Victor Meerovich Polterovich (b. 1937), who has been one of the leading figures in mathematical economics and general equilibrium theory in the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Russia. His papers on the abstract models of exchange, dynamic general equilibrium and optimal growth theory, excess demand correspondences, monotonicity of demand functions, and disequilibrium theory were for the most part published in English and gained considerable attention within the field. We reconstruct the political and ideological basis of the general equilibrium concept and show how abstract mathematical models reflected the discursive shift from optimal centralized planning to various forms of decentralization. We argue that the Soviet work on general equilibrium was a part of the global development of mathematical economics but was not integrated into it institutionally.